The 9th edition of the MLA Handbook recommends using the following core elements in every citation. If elements are missing from the source, they should be omitted from the citation.
For online sources:
Author Last, First. Title of Book. Publisher, Year.
Rollin, Bernard E. Science and Ethics. Cambridge UP, 2006.
Author Last, First and Author First Last. Title of Book. Location: Publisher, Year. Medium.
Hepokoski, James and Warren Darcy. Elements of Sonata Theory: norms, types, and deformations
in the late eighteenth-century sonata. New York:Oxford University Press, 2006. Print.
Group Name. Title of book, x edition (if applicable), Publisher, Year.
American Medical Association. American Medical Association Family Medical Guide, 4th edition, Wiley, 2004.
Editor Last, First, Editor First Last and Editor First Last, eds. Title of book. Location: Publisher, Year. Medium.
Wierzbicki, James, Nathan Platte and Colin Rost, eds. The Routledge Film Music
Sourcebook. New York: Routledge, 2012. Print.
Author Last, First. "Title of Chapter or Article." Title of Book, edited by Editor First Last, Publisher, Year, pp. xx-xx.
Winne, Philip H. “Self-regulated Learning Viewed from Models of Information Processing.” Self-regulated Learning and Academic Achievement, edited by Barry J. Zimmerman and Dale H. Schunk, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2001, pp. 153-190.
Author Last, First. Title of Book. Translated by Translator First Last, Publisher, Year.
Tolstoy, Leo. War and Peace. Translated by Anthony Briggs, Viking, 2006.
Author Last, First. Title of Book. E-Reader edition, Publisher, Year.
Tetlock, Phillip E., and Dan Gardner. Superforecasting: The Art and Science of Prediction. Kindle edition, Crown, 2015.
Note: For more information on citing e-books see the MLA Style Center.
Some examples courtesy of Penn State University Libraries
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