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The University of Iowa Libraries

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Citation Help: Audio / Video

MLA Citation Examples: Audio/Visual

Important Elements for Sound Recordings

  • Author (Last, First)
  • Title of Recording
  • Any pertinent information (including performers, conductors, orchestras, etc.)
  • Recording Date (Day Month Year)
  • Label
  • Publication Year
  • Medium (CD, LP, etc.)

Important Elements for Video Recordings

  •  Title of Movie
  • Director Name(s) (First Last)
  • Performers Name(s)
  • Year Released
  • Medium (DVD, VHS, etc.)
  • Publisher
  • Publication year

Sound Recording

Compact Disc

Works Cited List

Author Last Name, Author First Name. Title of disc. Pertinent information, including performers, conductors, orchestras. Rec. date [Day Month Year]. Label, Publication year. CD.

Bizet, Georges. Carmen: highlights. With Jessye Norman (soprano), Mirella Freni (soprano), Neil Shicoff  (tenor), Simon Estes (bass-baritone). Conducted by Seiji Ozawa. Rec. 13-22 July 1988, Grand Auditorium de Radio France. Philips, 1989. CD.

LP record

Works Cited List

Author Last Name, Author First Name. Title of disc. Pertinent information, including performers, conductors, orchestras. Rec. date [Day Month Year]. Label, Publication year. LP.

Hawkeye Marching Band. Gametime. Directed by Tom Davis. Fidelity Sound Recordings, 1970. LP.

Digital Audio File 

Works Cited List

Author Last Name, Author First Name. Title of disc. Publisher, Date of Publication. Website. Web. Date accessed [Day Month Year].

Hawkeye Marching Band. Gametime. Fidelity Sound Recordings, 1970. Iowa Digital Library.
     Web. 1 May 2014.


Video

Movie 

Works Cited List

Title of movie Dir. First Name Director Last Name. Perf. First Name(s) Last Name(s). Year released. Medium. Publisher, Publication year. 

West Side Story. Dir. Robert Wise and Jerome Robbins. Perf. Natalie Wood, George Chakiris, Richard Beymer, Russ Tamblyn, and Rita Moreno. 1961. DVD. MGM Home Entertainment, 2003.

Television program

Works Cited List

"Title of episode." Title of program. Dir. First Name Director Last Name. Perf. First Name(s) Last Name(s). Network. Broadcast date. Broadcast medium. [if DVD] Medium. Publisher, Publication year.

"Birnam Wood." Slings and Arrows. Dir. Peter Wellington. Perf. Paul Gross, Martha Burns, Don McKellar, Mark McKinney. Movie Central/The Movie Network. 1 August 2005. DVD. Acorn Media, 2008.

YouTube Video

Creator. "Title of Video." YouTube, Date, Stable URL.

Iowa Women's Basketball. "University of Iowa Campus All-Access Tour." YouTube, 21 Aug. 2014, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HeJ3u6SGb7M.

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Useful Resources for MLA Citation