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Citation Help: Other Source Types

MLA Citation Examples: Other Source Types

Personal interview

Smith, John. Personal interview. 31 Aug. 2007.


Indirect Sources

If you refer to or quote from a source that is cited in another source, list only the source you consulted directly (the secondary source) in your works cited list. Name the original source in the text of your paper, and cite the secondary source in parentheses:

Wallace argues that "prior experience with nonnative speech facilitates comprehension" (qtd. in Smith 203).

*In this example, only the Smith source, which was consulted directly, would be included in the works cited list.

Whenever possible, try to find and consult the original source. If the University of Iowa Libraries does not have the original source, we can try to get it for you through interlibrary loan.

Ask a Librarian

Librarians are available to help you with your questions. Please don't hesitate to contact us with any questions you might have regarding citation styles, citation management, etc.

Ask a question below or contact your subject specialist librarian for more help!

Useful Resources for MLA Citation