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Citation Help: Business Reports and Gray Literature

APA Citation Help: Reports and Gray Literature

Reports and Gray Literature

These may cover original research, but may or may not be peer revered.  The area includes press releases, codes of ethics, grants, policy briefs, etc.

Note: Citations with more than one line of text should have a hanging indent of 1/2 inch or 5 spaces.

Important Elements:

  • Author (last name, initials only for first & middle names) (or group name)
  • Publication date
  • Title (in italics; capitalize only the first word of title and subtitle, and proper nouns)
  • Publisher
  • DOI or URL


Author, A. A. (2020). Title of report. Publisher Name. DOI


Report by Government Agency or Organization 

Australian Government Productivity Commission & New Zealand Productivity Commission. (2012). Strengthening trans-Tasman economic relations.

Annual Report

U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. (2017). Agency financial report: Fiscal year 2017. 

Code of Ethics

American Counseling Association. (2014). 2014 ACA code of ethics.

Press Release

U.S. Food and Drug Administration. (2019, February 14). ​​​​​​​FDA authorizes first interoperable insulin pump intended to allow patients to customize treatment through their individual diabetes management devices [Press release].


Some examples courtesy of APA Publication Manual

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