Aim: to determine the state of research related to a topic or field of study, guided by one or more questions. Purpose is variable and may include the identification of knowledge gaps, an examination of how research is conducted or has changed in a field, or exploration of concepts./definitions. Because of the often broad "scope" the search process is typically extensive.
Synonyms: scoping study, mapping review, systematic map
Notes about Methodology
PRISMA is an international group of methodology experts dedicated to improving reporting quality of reviews. Journals that accept scoping reviews may require submission of the PRISMA-ScR checklist. More information on each element included on the checklist is also available on the PRISMA for Scoping Reviews webpage
Arksey, H., & O'Malley, L. (2005). Scoping studies: towards a methodological framework. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 8(1), 19-32. https://doi.org/10.1080/1364557032000119616 View full text
Levac, D., Colquhoun, H., & O'Brien, K. K. (2010). Scoping studies: advancing the methodology. Implementation science, 5(1), 69. View full text
Munn, Z., Peters, M. D. J., Stern, C., Tufanaru, C., McArthur, A., & Aromataris, E. (2018). Systematic review or scoping review? Guidance for authors when choosing between a systematic or scoping review approach. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 18(1), N.PAG-N.PAG. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12874-018-0611-x View full text
O'Brien, K. K., Colquhoun, H., Levac, D., Baxter, L., Tricco, A. C., Straus, S., Wickerson, L., Nayar, A., Moher, D., & O'Malley, L. (2016). Advancing scoping study methodology: a web-based survey and consultation of perceptions on terminology, definition and methodological steps. BMC Health Services Research, 16, 305. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-016-1579-z View full text
Below is a reference that may serve as an example of a quality project.
Groves, P. S., Bunch, J. L., & Sabin, J. A. (2021). Nurse bias and nursing care disparities related to patient characteristics: A scoping review of the quantitative and qualitative evidence. Journal of Clinical Nursing (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.), 30(23/24), 3385-3397. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.15861 View full text