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Rita Benton Music Library

Music Citation Guide: Articles

In-text Citations

In-text citations are simple. You must include the name of the author or authors and the year in which the article was published.


"...will not occur as planned (Cohen, 2006)."


"Cohen (2006) observes that..."


"In a 2006 study, Cohen observes..."


Most education articles are co-authored, and there are guidelines for how to cite multiple authors without having to list every single author in every single in-text citation.

  1. If the article has two authors, cite both authors every time. After all, it's just two names.
  2. If the article has three or more authors, then the first time you cite the article, you must list every author. However, all remaining citations of the article may be shortened. List the first author and then the phrase "et al.". You can also drop the year, but only if the first citation isn't parenthetical (like Example 3 above).

Example: "Cohen et al. observe that..."

If you have articles with the same first author, you'll need to cite additional authors to help distinguish between the articles.

Citation Templates and Examples

Journal Article with DOI (APA 7.0.1)

  Reference List

Author, A. A., Author B.B., Author, C.C. (year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, xx(ii), pp.-pp. doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxx

Kleiber, C., Adamek, M. S. (2013). Adolescents' perception of music therapy following spinal fusionsurgery. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 22, 414-421. doi/10.1111/j.1365-2702.2012.04248.x

Journal Article without DOI (APA 7.01.3)

  Reference List

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., Author, C.C., (year) Title of article. Title of Periodicalxx(ii),
     pp.-pp. Retreived from Journal home page URL

Cohen, M. L. (2009) Choral singing and prison inmates: influences of performing in a
     prison choir. Journal of Correctional Education, 60, 52-65. Retrieved

Journal Article, advance online publication (APA 7.01.5)

  Reference List

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., Author, C.C., (year) Title of article. Title of Periodical.
Advance online publication. doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxx

Gfeller, K., Driscoll, V., Kenworthy, M. Van Voorst, T. (2011). Music therapy for
     preschool cochlear implant recipients. Music Therapy Perspectives. Advance online
     publication. doi: 10.1093/mtp/29.1.39

Newspaper Article (APA 7.01.10-11)

  Reference List

Author, A. A. (year, Month day). Title of Article. Title of newspaper, pp.-pp.


Author, A.A. (year, Month day). Title of Article. Title of newspaper. Retrieved from
     URL of Newspaper. 

Magazine Article (APA 7.01.7-8)

  Reference List

Author A. A., (Year, Month). Title of Article. Title of Magazine, volume (issue), pp.-pp.


Author A. A. (Year, Month). Title of Article. Title of Magazine, volume(issue).
     Retrieved from URL of Magazine Article.