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* Japanese Studies Basics: Japanese Language


The modified Hepburn system is used to catalog Japanese resources for North American libraries including the UI Libraries. Use modified Hepburn style as found in Kenkyusha's new Japanese-English dictionary (4th edition. Main Reference and Japanese Reference Collection PL679 .K4 1974).

We follow this rule for word division, etc. in romanizing Japanese.

InfoHawk allows searches in Japanese scripts. However, Romanized Japanese search may work better most of the time. For example, InfoHawk will not work for searches involving kanji variants (国 and 國, 江戸 and 江戶), spelling variants (こども, 子供, 子ども), exact matches (国語, but not 外国語), etc.

SmartSearch handles original script search slightly better than InfoHawk, however, still has difficulties handling variants.

Word Division: There is a North American standard used to Romanize and provide word division to Japanese texts. However, these are  some inconsistencies and exceptions in actual practice. Also our standard is different from Japanese practice in many ways. It is best to try different combinations if there is any doubt. (For example, daijiten is correct for 大事典, but in some records this will turn up as dai jiten. 日本史 should be romanized as Nihon shi, however, some records treat it as Nihonshi.)

Subject Searches: Library of Congress subject headings are used for both western language and Japanese language library materials.

Language Bar (Windows)

EACC/MARC21 Characters is used to catalog Japanese language materials in North America. The character set includes variant forms of Kanji which are different from what our regular Japanese keyboard supplies. And most of our local OPACs cannot handle the variant forms well. Try search InfoHawk with 江戸 as a title keyword. You will see what I mean.

Frequently-encountered EACC variants include: 戸·、 録·、 説·、巻・、姫・、寛·


To enable easier typing of these EACC variants on your PC, use IME's dictionary function.

Right click on the Taskbar and select Language bar option from Toolbars menu. Language bar includes helpful tools such as IME pad and dictionaries.


You cam add those characters to 単語/用例の登録 tool on your language bar, if you use EACC variants frequently. My 単語 list is available for your reference here.

 Japanese Names

  • Enable 人名地名辞書 for 一般入力.
  • Switch input mode to 人名/地名モード.
  • Use 単語/用例登録 function and register frequently used names in particilar form.

Chinese Characters Difficult to Read

  • Try 手書きパッド and use your mouse to find the character.
  • Try 総画数 or 部首 search.