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Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation: Finding Articles and Evidence

An introduction to UI Libraries resources pertaining to PT

Guide to Searching

EBP Learning Resources

Using PICO to Formulate Clinical Questions

PICO is a mnemonic used to describe the four elements of a good clinical question. It stands for:

- Patient Problem (or Population)
I   - Intervention (or Prognostic Factor or Exposure)
C - Comparison (if there is one)
O - Outcome

For diagnosis questions, PICO can be translated this way: P (patient), I (test), C (gold standard test), and O (presence or absence of condition). 

For prognosis questions, a variation of PICO works: P (patient), F (factors), O (outcome--eg., mortality).

Here are links for more information.

Using our Databases to Locate Articles

The databases listed on this page are excellent places to start a literature search. Please ask for advice if you could use help getting started or building a strong search strategy. Also, there are  guides and videos to review on the help page of this guide.

 Look for the UILink button in your results, and select it to view full text options.


Good Places to Start

Levels of Evidence & Sources

Matt Regan

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Matt Regan
Family Medicine, Physical Therapy, Otolaryngology, Urology, Dermatology, Radiology, Radiation Science, Radiation Oncology
HLHS 213
(319) 384-1407

Additional Databases

Defining Evidence Based Clinical Practice


Evidence-Based Clinical Practice (EBCP): Evidence-based practice is the judicious use of the best research evidence (found in health sciences literature), clinical expertise (what the health care provider knows) and patient values (what the patient wants and believes) to create a plan of action regarding patient care.  Evidence-based practice is an umbrella term that covers evidence-based medicine, evidence-based dentistry, evidence-based public health, evidence-based nursing and etc.