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Copyright: Plagiarism

Citing Your Sources

  • Students can use EndNote Basic, a web-based citation management and bibliography tool, to efficiently write, store, organize, and share citations for their papers and works cited pages.

  • In addition, Purdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL) provides an extensive guide to research, writing, and formulating citations.

What is Plagiarism?

Examples of plagiarism:

  • Presenting another person's written or spoken words or ideas as your own

  • Using direct quotes with no quotation marks, paraphrasing without crediting the source or in some other way suggesting another person's work is yours

  • Copying all or part of another person's exam, homework, etc.; knowingly allowing another student to copy your work or to submit your work as his/her own

Avoiding Plagiarism

  • Students should write their own summary without looking at the original text, but remember to cite your sources.

  • When taking notes, write down the author's name and page number. Put the source information next to your notes so you can easily cite the source.

  • Don’t wait until the last minute to write your paper but rather research, write, and edit your work each day before the assignment is due.

When to Cite

When to cite:

  • Anything that is printed, spoken or sung (except facts or common knowledge)

  • Phrase borrowed from a speaker or writer

  • Images, drawings, charts, graphs, etc.

  • Notes, experiments, surveys, data, lit reviews, interviews, or anything else that is used to create a finished product that is ready for submission


The University of Iowa has licensed Turnitin, an online, automatic plagiarism detection service, for campus wide use, for students to electronically submit their work.

Detecting Plagiarism

Professors and Teaching Assistants are able to detect plagiarism when:

  • The writing style and language are above the level at which the student typically writes.

  • The student uses jargon or terms that are inconsistent with the student’s level of knowledge.

  • The paper contains references to citations that are not included in the work cited page.

  • The reference list is inaccurate or incomplete.