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Women in Sport: An Iowa Women's Archives Resource Guide: Title IX & Gender Equity in Sport

A guide to the collections housed at the Iowa Women's Archives from and about girls and women in sports, athletics, and gender equity.

From the Minnette Doderer papers

Iowa Commission on the Status of Women, Title IX informational pamphlet, Box 44.

From the Ruth Ashton Johnson papers

"Women Stage a 'Run-in' at HEW," The New York Times, Tuesday, June 27, 1978. Box 1.

From the Christine Grant papers

"Gender Equity in Education: Title IX Open Minds, Open Horizons...", pamphlet, Box 59.


Burke, N. Peggy. Papers. 1965-1980 (bulk 1975-1977). 9.2 linear feet. Physical education professor and past president of the Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women, 1976-1977. The bulk of this collection documents the activities of the Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women (AIAW) from 1970 to 1995 and chronicles its relationship with the National Collegiate Athletics Association (NCAA) during this period. Included is a selection of official records of the AIAW from the years 1975 through 1982. Under her leadership, AIAW influenced issues relating to six-player girls’ basketball, Title IX policy interpretation and NCAA decisions regarding women's college championships.

                Suggested box list: Boxes 1-2, Box 10, Box 18, Boxes 20-21

Doderer, Minnette. Papers. 1944-2005. 29.2 linear feet. State legislator from Iowa City, first elected to the Iowa House of Representatives in 1964. Most of the materials relate to Doderer's activities as a member of the Iowa legislature, her role as a woman in politics, and her involvement with women's organizations, including her advocacy for Title IX and gender equality in sport.

                Suggested box list: Box 20, Box 30, Box 44

Grant, Christine. Papers. 1952-2005 (bulk 1970-2005). 17.3 linear feet.  Faculty member, sports administrator, professor, and gender equity activist.  Grant began her tenure as the first and only athletic director of the Department of Women's Athletics at the University of Iowa in 1973, holding the position until her retirement in 2000. Grant has spoken and published widely and has held numerous leadership positions as an advocate of gender equity in sports. She served as the president of the Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women (AIAW) from 1980 to 1981 and testified as an expert witness and advisor in Title IX lawsuits. Digitized photographs, speeches, and further recordings are available on the Iowa Digital Library website and Hawkeye Sports. Her impact has reverberated across the generations, as showcased in the 2022 film Unshakeable Belief: The Dr. Christine Grant Story and the 50th anniversary of Iowa Women’s Athletics. Dr. Christine Grant died in 2021 in Iowa City.

                Suggested box list: Boxes 3-7, Boxes 15-21, Boxes 48-53

                Title IX box list: Boxes 7-21, Boxes 48-51, Boxes 54-60

Johnson, Ruth Ashton. Paper. 1971-1994. 10 linear inches. The papers document Johnson's interest and professional involvement in promoting equal opportunity for female athletes within schools at all levels.

University of Iowa Women's Athletics. Records. 1979-2011. Contains budget and record keeping materials from 1979-2001, women's basketball materials from 1985-2005, and task force records from the 2000 merger of the men's and women's athletic departments. Varsity sports at the University of Iowa began in the 1870s, although organized varsity sports for women were not offered until after the passage of Title IX legislation in 1973 that required equal funding for men's and women's sport teams at institutions receiving federal funds. Already a leading member of the Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women (AIAW), the University hired Department of Physical Education for Women faculty member Christine Grant as its inaugural women's athletics director. During Grant's tenure, Iowa added twelve National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) championship sports, and teams from those programs won a combined twenty-seven Big Ten titles. Anticipating Grant's retirement, the University convened a task force in 2000 to evaluate gender equity in the school's athletic departments. After deliberation, the task force recommended the men's and women's athletic departments be merged under one director following Grant's retirement.

                Suggested box list: Box 15