Enacted in 1990, The Americans with Disabilities Act makes it illegal to discriminate against people with disabilities. As part of the ADA, guidelines were established to ensure equal access to public facilities and services to people with disabilities. The ADA sets out design and engineering standards to make public restrooms and other facilities accessible to disabled people.
Why ADA and engineering?
It is very common for architects and contractors to follow only their local building codes, which may not porivde the same degree of accessibility to persons with disabilities. Compliance with local building codes does not ensure compliance with the ADA.
U.S. Department of Justice Americans with Disabilities Act Home Page
On March 15, 2012, compliance with the 2010 Standards will be required for new construction and alterations. In the period between September 15, 2010 and March 15, 2012, covered entities may choose between the 1991 ADA Standards (without the elevator exemption for Title II facilities), the Uniform Federal Accessibility Standards (Title II facilities only), and the 2010 Standards.
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