Chicago and Turabian use the same format for the following examples.
It is often sufficient simply to describe web pages and other website content in the text (“As of May 1, 2017, Yale’s home page listed . . .”). If a more formal citation is needed, it may be styled like the examples below.
- Author (if known)
- Title of Web Page
- Title of Website
- Website Publisher
- Date of Publication or Revision
- For a source that does not list a date of publication or revision, include an access date.
- Stable URL
1. Author, "Title of Web Page," Title of Website, Website Publisher, Date, Stable URL.
2. Website, "Shortened Title."
Bibliography entries (in alphabetical order)
Author/Website Publisher. "Title of Web Page." Title of Website. Date. Stable URL.
Social media content
Citations of content shared through social media can usually be limited to the text (as in the first example below). A note may be added if a more formal citation is needed.
In rare cases, a bibliography entry may also be appropriate.
In place of a title, quote up to the first 160 characters of the post.
As shown in the shortened note example, comments are cited in reference to the original post.
Conan O’Brien’s tweet was characteristically deadpan: “In honor of Earth Day, I’m recycling my tweets” (@ConanOBrien, April 22, 2015).
1. Author/Creator (username if applicable), "Up to first 160 characters of post," Social Media Platform, Publication Date, Stable URL.
1. Chicago Manual of Style, “Is the world ready for singular they? We thought so back in 1993,” Facebook, April 17, 2015, https://www.facebook.com/ChicagoManual/posts/10152906193679151.
2. Author/Creator Name, Date, reference to post, "shortened quote."
2. Michele Truty, April 17, 2015, 1:09 p.m., comment on Chicago Manual of Style, “singular they.”
Poster/Ceator. "Up to first 160 characters of post." Social Media Platform, Date. Stable URL.
Chicago Manual of Style. “Is the world ready for singular they? We thought so back in 1993.” Facebook, April 17, 2015. https://www.facebook.com/ChicagoManual/posts/10152906193679151.