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Lichtenberger Engineering Library

Standards

Citing Standards

How to cite an industry standard varies depending on the style manual required by each journal or discipline. There is no such thing as a separate style guide just for industry standards.

On this page is citation styles for the most commonly used citation styles.

Talk with Advisor/ Professor/ TA which style is best suited for the paper.

Make sure you provide enough information that anyone interested in further information can track down the original document.

  • Issuing Agency (or publication name)
  • Standard Number
  • Standard Title
  • Publication Date
  • Specific Version
    • Standards can be reprinted, altered/reissued by a number of different standard organizations

Citing Code of Federal Regulations (CFR)

The following describes how information is contained in a CFR citation.

  • Title: Is the numeric value to the left of "CFR".
  • Part: Is the numeric value to the right of "CFR" and preceding the period (".").
  • Section/Subpart: Is the numeric value to the right of the period (".").
    • A subpart is a letter of the alphabet (A-Z) that is used to retrieve an entire subpart of the CFR rather than many individual sections. For example: Subpart E.
  • Revision Year: The four digit year from the "Revised as of" text represents the year being cited. The revision year is not always available when the CFR is cited.

The following example illustrates information contained in a CFR citation.

  • 21 CFR 310.502 Revised as of April 1, 1997
    • Title: 21
    • Part: 310
    • Section: 502
    • Year: 1997

American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)

General Format for Reference List
[Reference Number] Standard Issuing Body, year, "Standard Name," Number. 

Example
[1] IEEE, 1992, “Scalable Coherent Interface,” IEEE Std. 1596-1992.

In Text Citation
Use Square Brackets to reference the citation.
Your text about a general reference [1] your text continues after the in text citation to explain why that reference was used.

American Psychological Association (APA)

General Format for Reference List
Organization. (year). Title of the standard (Standard No. 1234). Retrieved from http://xxxxx

Example
International Organization for Standardization. (2016). Occupational health and safety management systems—Requirements with guidance for use (ISO/DIS Standard No. 45001). Retrieved from http://www.iso.org/iso/catalogue_detail?csnumber=63787

In Text Citation
Your text here with the reference in the sentence and the reference goes at the end of the sentence using the format (Organization, year).

Chicago

General Format for Footnotes/Endnotes
#. Title of Standard, Standard No. 1234 (Publication City, State: Publishing Organization, Publication date in Month Day, Year), location of information citing.

Subsequent references to same same 
Next #. Title of Standard, location of information citing.

Example
1. Bibliographic References, ANSI/NISO Z39.29-2005 (Bethesda, MD: National Information Standards Organization, approved June 9, 2005; reaffirmed May 13, 2010), 3.2.2.
2. Bibliographic References, 3.2.2.

If the title for standard is long a shorted title can be used in subsequent references so long is it is still obvious where it came from. The full title must be used for the first reference to a source. 
Ice-cream freezers - Classification, requirements and test conditions (Swedish Standard) can just be Ice-cream freezers

General Format for Bibliographic Entry
Organization that issued standard. Title of Standard. Standard No. 1234. Publication City, State: Publishing Organization, Publication date in Month Day, Year.

Example
National Information Standards Organization. Bibliographic References. ANSI/NISO Z39.29-2005. Bethesda, MD: NISO, approved June 9, 2005; reaffirmed May 13, 2010.

Council of Science Editors (CSE) Scientific Style

Citation-Sequence Style
References are listed in the sequence in which they first appear within the text
Citation-Name Style
References are listed alphabetically by author

Citation-Sequence and Citation-Name have same formatting for citations and in-text citation. Only difference is order of the reference numbers (order in which source is used vs alphabetical)

General Format for Reference List
#. Organization. Title. City (State): Publisher; Year. (Standard No. 1234). 

Example
1. National Information Standards Organization. Bibliographic references. Bethesda (MD): NISO Press; 2005. (ANSI/NISO Z39.29-2005). 

In Text Citation
Your text here with the reference in the sentence and the reference goes at the end of the sentence using superscript to note the citation number.1

 

Name-Year Style
References are unnumbered and appear in alphabetical order by author and year of publication, with multiple works by the same author listed in chronological order

General Format for Reference List
Organization. Date. Title. City (State): Publisher. (Standard No. 1234). 

Example
National Information Standards Organization. June 9, 2005. Bibliographic references. Bethesda (MD): NISO Press. (ANSI/NISO Z39.29-2005). 

In Text Citation
Your text here with the reference in the sentence and the reference goes at the end of the sentence using the format (Organization Year).

IEEE

General Format for Reference List
[Reference Number] Title of Standard, Standard number, date.

Example
[1] IEEE Criteria for Class IE Electric Systems, IEEE Standard 308, 1969.

In Text Citation
Use Square Brackets to reference the citation.
Your text about a general reference [1] your text continues after the in text citation to explain why that reference was used.

Modern Language Association (MLA)

General Format for Reference List
Organization. Title. Standard Number, Publisher, Publication Date, Location. Date of Access.

Example
National Information Standards Organization. Bibliographic References. ANSI/NISO Z39.29-2005, NISO, approved June 9, 2005; reaffirmed May 13, 2010, Bethesda, MD. January 1, 2017.

In Text Citation
Your text about the reference (Organization, Title of Standard).

General Writing Assistance