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The University of Iowa Libraries

Sciences Library

Physics: Citation Help

How to cite?

Welcome! The purpose of this page is to assist you in formatting citations and creating your bibliography. There are many different formats to use when citing a source in a paper. 

  • If you are writing a paper for a class, you should use the format recommended by your professor.
  • If you are writing a paper for publication, you should use the format recommended by the publisher.

If you have any questions, problems, or comments about citations or the tools recommended in this guide, please ask a librarian.

BibTeX

The word "BibTeX'' stands for a tool and a file format which are used to describe and process lists of references, mostly in conjunction with LaTeX documents. Most UI Libraries' databases have an option to export citations in BibTeX format.

EndNote

EndNote gives you the tools you need for searching, organizing and sharing your research. It allows you to easily create bibliographies while writing your next paper with features like Cite While You Write. Maximize your time with features like finding full text for your references and automatically updating records. Whether you’re on your desktop, online, or iPad, EndNote’s syncing capabilities let you access all of your references, attachments, and groups from anywhere.

Mendeley

Mendeley is a free reference manager and academic social network that can help you organize your research, collaborate with others online, and discover the latest research.

  • Automatically generate bibliographies
  • Collaborate easily with other researchers online
  • Easily import papers from other research software
  • Find relevant papers based on what you’re reading
  • Access your papers from anywhere online
  • Read papers on the go, with our new iPhone app

Zotero

Zotero [zoh-TAIR-oh] is a free, easy-to-use tool to help you collect, organize, cite, and share your research sources. It lives right where you do your work—in the web browser itself.   

Sciences Reference & Instruction Librarian

Sara Scheib's picture
Sara Scheib
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453 VAN and E237 CB
(319) 335-3024
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