Scope of diagnostic imaging -- The physical basis of diagnostic imaging -- Imaging of the heart and great vessels -- Radiology of the chest -- Radiology of the breast -- Musculoskeletal imaging -- Imaging of joints -- Plain film of the abdomen -- Radiology of the urinary tract -- Gastrointestinal tract -- Liver, biliary tract, and pancreas -- Brain and its coverings -- Imaging of the spine
Part I. Methodology : Lipofuscin of the Retinal Pigment Epithelium -- Origin of Fundus Autofluorescence -- Fundus Autofluorescence Imaging with the Confocal Scanning Laser Ophthalmoscope -- How to Obtain Fundus Autofluorescence Image with the Confocal Scanning Laser Ophthalmoscope -- Autofluorescence Imaging with the Fundus Camera -- Macular Pigment Measurement - Theoretical Background -- Macular Pigment Measurement - Clinical Applications -- Evaluation of Fundus Autofluorescence Images;
Part II. Clinical Application : Macular and Retinal Dystrophies -- Discrete Lines of Increased Fundus Autofluorescence in Various Forms of Retinal Dystrophies -- Age-Related Macular Degeneration I - Early Manifestation -- Age Related Macular Degeneration II - Geographic Atrophy... ;
Part III. Perspectives in Imaging Technologies : Perspectives in Imaging Technologies
Scope of Diagnostic Imaging -- The Physical Basis of Diagnostic Imaging -- Imaging of the Heart and Great Vessels -- Radiology of the Chest -- Radiology of the Breast -- Musculoskeletal Imaging -- Imaging of Joints -- Plain Film of the Abdomen -- Radiology of the Urinary Tract -- Gastrointestinal Tract -- Liver, Biliary Tract, and Pancreas -- Brain and its Coverings -- Imaging of the Spine
An introduction to conventions in densitometry -- Densitometry techniques -- Skeletal anatomy in densitometry -- FDA-approved densitometry devices -- Computer basics -- The importance of precision -- Radiation safety in x-ray densitometry -- Quality control -- An overview of osteoporosis -- Interpretation of bone densitometry data -- Considerations in pediatric densitometry -- Moving beyond bone density with bone densitometers: Skeletal morphology and body composition assessments
Introduction -- Histological classification of breast cancer -- Biomarkers for breast cancer: Towards the proposition of clinically relevant tools -- Circulating tumour markers in breast cancer -- Axillary lymph node status evaluation in breast cancer patients: Role of SPECT and pinhole SPECT with cationic lipophilic radiotracers -- Breast imaging with scintimammography -- Tc-MIBI in the evaluation of breast cancer biology -- Sentinel node detection in pre-operative axillary staging....
Dynamic vascular pattern of focal liver lesions with contrast-enhanced ultrasound: Latest results with SonoVue -- Usefulness of contrast-enhanced ultrasound in the characterization of pancreatic and renal masses -- Improved characterization of reactive and malignant lymph nodes using contrast-enhanced ultrasound -- What role for contrast-enhanced ultrasound in prostate cancer examination?
General considerations: Dynamics of image analysis -- Clinical embryology of the abdomen: Normal and pathologic anatomy -- Intraperitoneal spread of infections -- Intraperitoneal spread of malignancies -- Staging of gastrointestinal cancers -- Pathways of lymph node metastases in cancer of the gastrointestinal and hepatobiliary tracts -- Manifestations of intraperitoneal air -- The extraperitoneal spaces: Normal and pathologic anatomy....
Section One : Emergency Radiology: Role of Imaging
Section Two : Traumatic Injuries: Imaging and Intervention
Section Three : Non-Traumatic Neurologic Emergencies: Imaging and Intervention
Section Four : Non-Traumatic Thoratic Emergencies: Imaging and Intervention
Section Five : Non-Traumatic Abdominal Emergencies: Imaging and Intervention
Section Six : Non-Traumatic Vascular Emergencies: Imaging and Intervention
Section Seven : Imaging Pediatric Emergencies
Introduction -- Head and Soft Tissues of Face and Neck -- Chest -- Breast -- Cardiovascular System -- Gastrointestinal System -- Genitourinary System and Retroperitoneum -- Skeletal System -- Nonskeletal Pediatric Imaging
Volume 1 : Imaging techniques and general issues -- The chest and cardiovascular system -- Gastrointestinal imaging -- The genitourinary system;
Volume 2 : The musculoskeletal system -- Women's imaging -- Neuroradiology, including the head and neck -- Paediatric imaging -- Miscellaneous disorders
A basic model for IVUS image simulation -- Quantitative functional imaging with positron emission tomography: Principles and instrumentation -- Advances in magnetic resonance angiography and physical principles -- Recent advances in the level set method -- Shape from shading models -- Wavelets in medical image processing: Denoising, segmentation, and registration -- Improving the initialization, convergence, and memory utilization for deformable models -- Level set segmentation of biological volume datasets -- Advanced segmentation techniques -- A region-aided color geometric snake -- Co-volume level set method in subjective surface based medical image segmentation
Introduction: Epidemiology, risk factors, pathology, and natural history of head and neck neoplasms -- Clinical and endoscopic examination of the head and neck -- Imaging techniques -- Laryngeal neoplasms -- Neoplasms of the hypopharynx and proximal esophagus -- Neoplasms of the oral cavity -- Neoplasms of the oropharynx -- Neoplasms of the nasopharynx -- Parapharyngeal space neoplasms -- Masticator space neoplasms -- Neoplasms of the sinonasal cavities -- Parotid gland and other salivary gland tumors....
Introduction -- Imaging of parasitic diseases of the central nervous system -- Imaging of parasitic diseases of the thorax -- Imaging of parasitic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract -- Imaging of parasitic diseases of the hepatobiliary tract, pancreas, and spleen -- Imaging of parasitic diseases of the genitourinary system -- Imaging of parasitic diseases of the musculoskeletal system and soft tissues -- Conclusions
Development of the Sternocostoclavicular Region : Bones, Cartilages and Joints;
Normal Anatomy and Variants : Bones and cartilages -- Sternoclavicular joints;
Biomechanics of the Sternocostoclavicular Region : Biomechanics of joints and cartilages;
Imaging Techniques and Procedures : Conventional radiography and tomography -- Computed tomography -- Magnetic resonance imaging -- Ultrasonography -- Radionuclide imaging;
Clinical Problems : Congenital and developmental abnormalities -- Traumatic and post-traumatic disorders -- Seronegative arthritis and sternocostoclavicular syndromes....
Evaluating and managing pain in a pain management center -- Pain and psyche -- Computertomography-guided percutaneous interventions -- Complications and patient management -- Foraminal injections of corticosteroids under tomodensitometric control -- Spinal infiltrations: Technical difficulties and potential complications -- Trigeminal neuralgia -- Arnold's neuralgia -- Pterygopalatine ganglion neurolysis under CT guidance -- Stellate ganglion neurolysis under CT-guidance -- Percutaneous neurolysis of the celiac plexus and splanchnic nerves ....
Getting the most out of panoramic radiographic interpretation -- Ghost images: Objects outside the image layer that are not entirely excluded from the panoramic radiograph -- Digital options for panoramic radiology -- Panoramic radiology: Risk within reason -- Panoramic radiology: Role in ADA/FDA use guidelines -- Panoramic radiologic appraisal of anomalies of the dentition -- Tooth eruption and dental impaction -- Panoramic radiographic assessment in orthodontics....
Part I. Principle of Imaging : Plain radiographs, or X-rays -- Contrast medium studies -- Cross-sectional imaging -- Nuclear Medicine Imaging;
Part II. Imaging of Common Clinical Problems : Pain and the acute abdomen -- Mass -- Bleeding -- Jaundice -- Trauma
Introduction and clinical overview -- Radiological-pathological correlation -- Endoscopy of the upper gastrointestinal tract -- Problems and pitfalls of gastrointestinal endoscopy. Is there still a role for barium meal? -- Conventional radiology of the stomach and duodenum -- CT of the stomach -- Multislice CT of the stomach -- Magnetic resonance imaging of the stomach -- Endoscopic ultrasound of the stomach -- CT of the duodenum -- Radionuclide imaging of the stomach -- Radionuclide imaging of the stomach -- Radiological intervention in the stomach and duodenum -- The acute stomach and duodenum -- The postoperative stomach and duodenum -- Angiography of the stomach and duodenum
The aetiology of vascular disease -- Assessment of peripheral vascular disease -- Equipment and environment -- Consent -- Sites of arterial access and the role of closure devices in percutaneous arterial intervention -- Aortoiliac intervention -- Femoropopliteal arterial intervention -- Crural arterial interventions -- Thrombolysis, mechanical thrombectomy and percutaneous aspiration thrombectomy -- Upper limb arterial intervention -- Management of renal and visceral arterial stenoses....
Historical review of cross-sectional anatomy of the brain -- Cephalic reference lines suitable for neuroimaging -- Brain cortical mantle and white matter core -- Central region and motor cortex -- Perisylvian cognitive region -- Limbic lobe and mesial temporal region -- The basal forebrain, diencephalon and basal ganglia -- The brainstem and cerebellum -- Optic pathway and striate cortex -- Atlas of cross-sectional anatomy of the brain
Part I. Principles and Practice : Breast magnetic resonance imaging: Historical overview -- Breast magnetic resonance imaging techniques -- Setting up a breast magnetic resonance imaging program -- The normal breast -- The axilla -- Breast magnetic resonance imaging lexicon -- Dynamic breast magnetic resonance imaging -- Benign lesions ... ;
Part II. Atlas : Normal breast -- Malignant lesions -- High-risk lesions -- Benign lesions -- Findings following intervention -- Pitfalls in analysis of carcinomas
Principles of Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced MRI : An introduction to dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI in oncology -- Contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging -- The role of blood pool contrast media in the study of tumor pathophysiology ... ;
Imaging Techniques : Imaging techniques for dynamic susceptibility contrast-enhanced MRI -- Consensus recommendations for aquisition of dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI data in oncology;
Clinical Applications : Dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI in cerebral tumours -- Dynamic magnetic resonance imaging in breast tumours -- Dynamic contrast enhancemed MR imaging for predicting tumor control in patients with cervical cancer ... ;
Applications : Use of dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI in multi-centre trials with particular reference to breast cancer screening in women at genetic risk -- Applications of dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI in oncology drug development
Part I. BOLD Functional MRI : Principles of functional MRI -- fMRI scanning methodologies -- Experimental design and data analysis for fMRI -- Challenges in fMRI and its limitations -- Clinical challenges of fMRI;
Part II. Neuroanatomical Atlas : Neuroanatomical atlas;
Part III. fMRI Clinical Applications : Brain mapping for neurosurgery and cognitive neuroscience -- Applications of fMRI to psychiatry -- fMRI of memory in aging and dementia -- fMRI of language systems: Prospects for presurgical mapping of language and memory ... ;
Clinical anatomy of the female pelvis -- MR and CT techniques -- Normal imaging findings of the uterus -- Congenital malformations of the uterus -- Benign uterine lesions -- Endometrial carcinoma -- Cervical cancer -- Ovaries and fallopian tubes: Normal findings and anomalies -- CT and MRI in ovarian carcinoma -- Endometriosis -- Vagina -- Functional MRI of the pelvic floor -- MR pelvimetry -- Imaging of lymph nodes -- Evaluations of infertility -- Acute and chronic pelvic pain disorders
Physical principles of imaging with magnetic resonance -- Techniques of fast MR imaging for studying the cardiovascular system -- Post-processing -- Contrast agents in cardiovascular magnetic resonance -- Intracranial vascular district -- Vessels of the neck -- Heart -- Pericardium and mediastinum -- Thoracic aorta -- Renal arteries -- Abdominal aorta -- Peripheral arterial system
Techniques for liver MR imaging -- Histopathologic classification of liver pathologies -- Contrast agents for liver MR imaging -- Imaging of benign focal liver lesions -- Hepatic pseudolesions -- Imaging of malignant focal liver lesions -- Imaging of the biliary tree and gallbladder diseases -- Comparison of available contrast gents for the imaging of specific liver lesions -- Imaging of diffuse liver disease -- MR imaging of the liver in pediatric patients -- Imaging of the liver post-surgery and/or post-ablative therapy -- MR angiography in liver disease
[This] is a text that contains 315 pediatric and adolescent musculoskeletal MRI cases
presented within the context of 102 unknowns... Cases are presented as “unknowns” in an effort to provide a dynamic learning process. The reader is given a brief history and initial images. A description of findings with appropriate annotated images and supplementary images follows.The diagnosis is then revealed and a discussion ensues.
Section 1. Basic Science and Practical Issues : The nuclear imaging technologist and the pediatric patient -- Sedation of the pediatric patient -- The biologic effects of low-level radiation -- Dosage of radiopharmaceuticals and the internal dosimetry -- Pediatric PET research regulations -- ... ;
Section 2. Oncology : Brain tumors -- Lymphoma -- Neuroblastoma -- Wilms' tumor -- Primary bone tumors -- Soft tissue sarcomas -- Other tumors;
Section 3. Neurology and Psychiatry : The developing brain -- Neurodevelopmental and neuropsychiatric disorders -- Epilepsy -- Neurotransmitter imaging;
Section 4. Other Applications : Cardiovascular application -- Fever of unknown origin -- Infection and inflammation -- Inflammatory bowel disease -- Hyperinsulinism of infancy: Noninvasive differential diagnosis -- Hyperinsulinism of infancy: Localization of focal forms -- Multimodal imaging using PET and MRI -- Current research efforts
Diagnostic medical imaging: How, why, and when -- Understanding radiation and its effect on children -- Chest examinations in children -- The chest in the neonate and young infant -- Abdominal imaging -- Abdominal and pelvic masses -- Skeleton -- Central nervous system -- Special procedures
Imaging in pediatric gastrointestinal emergencies -- The esophagus -- Stomach -- Accessory organs of digestion -- The small bowel -- The colon -- Radiological gastrointestinal interventions in childhood: A review
Radioactive decay and interaction of radiation with matter -- PET scanning systems -- Data acquisition and corrections -- Image reconstruction, storage, and display -- Performance characteristics of PET scanners -- Cyclotron and production of PET radionuclides -- Synthesis of PET radiopharmaceuticals -- Regulations governing PET radiopharmaceuticals -- Reimbursement for PET procedures -- Design and cost of PET center -- Procedures for PET studies
Computed tomography -- Methodology for image acquisition -- Cardiac anatomy by CT -- Interpreting CT angiography: Three-dimensional reconstruction techniques -- Assessment of cardiac structure and function by X-ray computed tomography -- Assessment of cardiovascular calcium: Interpretation and relevance of calcium scoring relationship to lipids and other cardiovascular risk factors -- Natural history and impact of interventions on coronary calcium -- ....
PET physics and instrumentation -- PET radiotracers -- Cardiology -- Neurology and psychiatry -- Oncology—Brain -- Oncology—Head, neck, and thyroid -- Oncology—Lungs -- Oncology—Digestive tract -- Oncology—Pancreas and hepatobiliary system -- Oncology—Breast and female reproductive system -- Oncology—Male reproductive system -- Oncology—Urology -- Oncology—Bone and soft tissue tumors -- Oncology—Lymphoma -- Oncology—Melanoma -- Infection and inflammation -- Pediatrics -- Variants and pitfalls
Physics of positron emission and annihilation -- keV photon interaction in matter -- keV photon detectors -- Data collection and PET system configurations -- Data correction -- Image reconstruction -- Image analysis -- Performance evaluation of PET systems -- PET system design
Part I. The Fundamentals : Normal physiology and variants: A primer;
Part II. Clinical Cases : Adrenal cancer -- Germ cell tumors: Choricocarcinoma and testicular cancer -- Brain -- Breast cancer -- Gynecologic malignancies: Cervical, uterine, and vulvar cancer -- Colorectal cancers -- Cholangiocarcinoma -- Esophageal carcinoma -- Gastric cancer -- Gastrointestinal tumors -- Head and neck cancer -- ....
Uses of dosimetry information in nuclear medicine -- Fundamental concepts: Calculating radiation dose -- Models and resources for internal dose calculations -- Steps in dose calculations -- Case studies -- Biological effects of radiation -- Regulatory aspects of dose calculations
Introduction to the second edition -- Radioactivity, radiopharmacy, and quality assurance -- Radiation safety -- Instrumentation and quality assurance -- Image presentation and computers -- Skeletal system scintigraphy -- Central nervous system scintigraphy -- Cardiovascular system scintigraphy -- Respiratory system scintagraphy -- ....
Introduction -- Central nervous system -- Thyroid -- Calculation of administered doses of iodine-131 in the treatment of thyroid disease -- Lungs -- Cardiovascular system -- Gastroesophageal reflux, gastric emptying, esophageal transit, and pulmonary aspiration -- Gastrointestinal bleeding -- Liver and spleen -- Kidneys -- Vesicoureteral reflux -- Calculation of glomerular filtration rate -- Bone -- Pediatric oncology -- ....
Nuclear medicine imaging -- Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) -- Positron emission tomography -- Non-imaging radionuclide investigations -- Quality assurance -- Radiation protection -- The radiopharmacy -- The skeletal system -- The cardiovascular system -- The lung -- The urinary tract -- The brain, salivary and lacrimal glands -- Thyroid, parathyroid, and adrenal gland imaging -- ....
Overview of nuclear medical imaging: Physics and instrumentation -- Dual-modality imaging: More than the sum of its components -- Analytic image reconstruction methods in emission computer tomography -- Iterative reconstruction methods -- Collimator-detector response compensation in SPECT - Attenuation correction strategies in emission tomography -- Scatter correction strategies in emission tomography -- Correction for partial volume effects in emission tomography -- Image registration techniques in nuclear medicine imaging -- ....